The impact of immigration on the receiving country's economy and culture

In recent years, human mobility was largely impacted by new generational challenges like the world health crisis and changes to freedom of movement. Governments of numerous countries worldwide implemented new policies that affected the quality of life. Complemented by economic fluctuations and increasing layoff trends, people of various societal backgrounds are forced to seek new homes, different from their places of birth.

The latest report of the International Organization of Migration shows that the number of international migrants has been increasing for the last five decades. The total estimated quantity of emigrants in 2022 soared to 281 million individuals. That is 128 million more than in 1990.

Additionally, statistics of international remittances made by emigrants increased from $126 billion in 2000 to $702 billion in 2020. This shows that members of relocated families have been transferring more money to their families abroad.

The list of top countries for immigration is traditionally topped by the USA. Next goes Germany with its strong economy, followed by EU countries like Romania, Slovenia, and Bulgaria.

The economic impact of immigration 

The economic impact of immigration

At the beginning of 2007, Romania and Bulgaria joined the European Union. Statistics from the World Bank show that from that year onwards, the percentage of remittances has been showing a stable upward trend. This means that more people choose these countries as their place of permanent residence and, consequently, make more financial transactions.

Obviously, an increased money flow implies economic growth. The projected GDP growth of Romania in 2023 is 3.1% which demonstrates a thriving development. Favorable conditions for business development attract entrepreneurs who had challenging experiences in countries with too much competition on top of declining economies.

The impact of the immigration on the country's culture 

Immigration trend enriches the variety of cultural backgrounds represented by members of the receiving country’s society. However, at first, immigrants might be cautious of plunging into completely new experiences, led by native residents.

Let us review some pros and cons of immigrants’ cultural impact on the receiving countries.

The economic impact of immigration


  • Higher diversity improves intercultural acceptance and communication;
  • Variety of businesses offer different experiences, improving the economy;
  • The number of migrants improves the country’s reputation and popularity.


  • A lot of new cultures might dilute the original culture and traditions;
  • Immigrants might choose not to engage in cultural development;
  • Cultural achievements might not be associated with native citizens.

Generally, the presence of more permanent residents means an increase in demand in all sorts of industries. New population needs houses to live in, products to consume, jobs to work, and so forth. Countries that were recently introduced offer plenty of room for all those activities so the relocation process becomes a breeze.

Cultural impact has more space for creativity, either. If the USA is overflowing with cultures and consumers have seen everything, in Romania, it is easier to propose ideas and get recognition.

Challenges and opportunities for the immigrants 

Cultural and societal integration of emigrants might be viewed as challenging at first. For example, ignorance of the language of the country where you relocate is also a challenge worth considering. However, practice shows that EU countries are extremely tolerant in accepting people from all cultural backgrounds. Most natives know languages of international communication like English, German, or Spanish. To boot, lots of European languages sound alike, so it is possible to understand the general flow of conversation.

Overall, living in a country with a growing economy is much more beneficial than staying in survival mode in the place of origin. As time goes by, new residents find that adjusting to a new reality is much easier than they thought it would be.

Migration Centr